The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child was adopted by the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in and was entered into force in Article Every child has the right to an education, to develop his or her personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to their fullest potential. Addison County River Watch Collaborative monitors and assesses the condition and uses of our local rivers over the long term, raises public awareness of the.

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ACRWC Charter – Full text

Every qcrwc shall have responsibilities towards his family and society, the State and other legally recognized communities and the international community. Arcwc country that has been investigated has up to 6 months after the adoption of a decision by the Committee of Experts to submit a written reply on what they have done regarding the requirements or measures in the mission report. States Parties to the present Charter shall undertake to protect the child from all forms of sexual exploitation acrqc sexual abuse and shall in particular take measures to prevent:.

The present Charter may be amended or revised if any Acgwc Party makes a written request to that effect to the Secretary-General of the Organization of African Unity, provided that the proposed amendment is not submitted to the Assembly of Heads of State and Government for consideration until all the States Parties have been duly notified of it and the Committee has given its opinion on the amendment.

Every child shall have the right to free association and freedom of peaceful assembly in conformity with the law. The ACRWC and the CRC are the only international and regional human rights treaties that cover the whole spectrum of civil, politicaleconomic, social and cultural rights.

States Parties to the present Charter shall take all appropriate measures with a view to achieving the full realization of this right and shall in particular:. Many member states are unenthusiastic about the Children’s Charter and are often unwilling to nominate suitable people to sit on the Committee of Experts. A State Party which has submitted a comprehensive first report to the Committee need not, in its subsequent reports submitted in accordance with paragraph I a of this Article, repeat the basic information previously provided.

Malindi Jr, Founder of The Rights Club and a human and child rights activist notes that the Committee of Experts have yet to establish a fully functional secretariat which means that it cannot carry out its activities or deal with communications as well as country reports.


The working languages of the Committee arwc be the official languages of the OAU. As a result of the in depth discussion, the Committee of Experts will identify problems, progress and differences in implementation of the Children’s Charter by the State Party. Protection Against Apartheid and Discrimination 1. Zcrwc the organisation has obtained observer status, it may acrsc the Committee of Experts to include issues of interest on their agenda and to make oral statements at the sessions.

The Secretary-General of the Organization of African Unity shall convene the first meeting of Committee at the Headquarters of the Organization within six carwc of the election of the members of the Committee, and thereafter the Committee shall be convened by its Chairman whenever necessary, at least once a year. It suffers from a serious lack of resources. The work on the complaint is confidential and is held in closed session debates.

There shall be a minimum age below which children shall be presumed not to have the capacity to infringe the penal law. Every child who is separated from one or both parents shall have the right to maintain personal relations and direct contact with both parents on a regular basis.

ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child | Resource Centre

To ensure the acrc mission team has background knowledge of the situation, a preliminary report according to certain guidelines and based on available information is prepared before each investigation. Until very recently, this “alternative” report could only be accepted after the state had submitted their report.

States Parties to the present Charter shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate harmful social and cultural practices affecting the welfare, dignity, normal growth and development of the child and in particular: They are entitled to receive information on the time, location and agenda of the sessions of the committee. Furthermore, child workers in Sub-Saharan Africa account for about 80 million children or 4 out of every 10 children under 14 years old which is the highest child labour rate in the world.

Child marriage and the betrothal of avrwc and boys shall be prohibited and effective action, including legislation, shall be taken to specify the minimum age of marriage to be 18 years and make registration of all marriages in an official registry compulsory. It calls for protection against abuse and bad treatment, negative social and cultural practices, all forms of exploitation or sexual abuse, including commercial sexual exploitationand illegal drug use.


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Election As soon as this Charter shall enter into force the members of the Committee shall be acrwx by secret ballot by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government from a list of persons nominated by the States Parties to the present Charter. Mandate The functions of the Committee shall be: States Parties to the present Charter shall take specific legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to protect the child from all forms of torture, inhuman or degrading treatment and especially physical or mental injury or abuse, neglect or maltreatment including sexual abuse, while in the care of the child.

Protection against Harmful Social and Cultural Practices 1. It aims to protect the private life of the child and safeguard the child against all forms of economic exploitation and against work that is hazardous, interferes with the child’s acwc, or compromises his or her health or physical, social, mental, spiritual, and moral development.

States Parties to the present Charter shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that a child who is subjected to schools or parental discipline shall be treated with humanity and with respect for the inherent dignity of the child and in conformity with the present Charter. This right shall be protected scrwc law.

Once the process has been completed, a report is sent to the Committee of the Heads of Acrwwc and Government. Definition of a Child For tile purposes of this Charter, a child means every human being below the age of 18 years. Every report made under this Article shall: States Parties to the present Charter shall undertake to provide special treatment to expectant mothers and to mothers of infants and young children who have been accused or found guilty of infringing the penal law and shall in particular:.

States Parties to the present Acrw shall take all appropriate measures with a view to achieving the full realization of this right and shall in particular: The CSOs are also acewc an obligation to establish close relations with the committee and to hold regular consultations on all issues of common interest.

The exact dates depend on other items on the AU agenda around these times.