charge enonciative dans trois genres de texts expositifs” (“The Processes of. Enunciation in Three Types of Expository Text”) (Itziar Plazaola. Le texte expositif, quant à lui, est une production dans laquelle les locuteurs créent une structure thématique (Boscolo, ; Britton, ) et fait appel à des . Les titres et intertitres sont des dispositifs de signalisation fréquemment utilisés dans les textes expositifs. De nombreuses recherches réalisées en psychologie.
|Published (Last):||15 July 2013|
|PDF File Size:||19.33 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||5.38 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Discourse Processes 48 3: The two types of headings served the functions of demarcating and labeling text sections and providing information about the linear structure of the text; they differed only with respect to whether they identified topics. Not only is it the case that conclusions are restricted to topic-identifying headings, but there has also not been any careful examination of how their visual realization, informativeness, and relationship to text content may influence text processing.
Texte expositif by Laura Albella Cubedo on Prezi Next
Effects of Headings on Text Processing Strategies. Journal of Educational Psychology 93 2: The control version of the text omits the headings but retains the topic sentences and therefore retains the same information content as the experimental version of the text.
Journal of Technical Writing and Communication 16 4: They were timed to locate the specific sentences in texts that had topic-identifying headings or texts that had headings that did not identify topics. Revue de linguistique, psycholinguistique et informatique. A journal of linguistics, psycholinguistics and computational linguistics.
Finally, by establishing a context, headings can influence the interpretation of text pe by causing readers to use relevant background knowledge to guide comprehension. Adopting the principle that a heading may be reformulated as a metasentence because a heading is a realization of a metasentence provides SARA textw a means to describe titles and headings and, more generally, any signaling device.
To pursue such questions, we require a broader conception of headings and a systematic analysis of variation in headings. Many studies fail to provide information about the visual properties of their stimuli. This list effect may be made more or less explicit in the wording of the heading: For each experiment, the logic was the same. Bibliographie AustinJ. The Relationship between Depth of Processing and Context. Topic Structure Representation and Text Recall.
But SARA emphasizes that it is by no means the sole consideration in understanding signaling effects. Effects on Reading Comprehension.
Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Signalling Text Organisation. Signals in Expository Prose: Let us contrast two situations. Les objets textuels de type titre. Contemporary Educational Psychology 17 2: It approaches this task by building on the notion of metalanguage Harris, and and key concepts taken from Speech Act Theory Austin, ; Grice, ; Searle, and The text-based component of SARA.
We discuss the implications of our analyses for research on titles and headings and summarize recent research findings that illustrate the validity of a central component of our analyses.
Discourse Processes 3 4: Journal of Educational Psychology 77 2: According to SARA, both the preview sentence and heading explicitly demarcate the structure boundary, provide a label for the section, and identify the topic of the section, and —in this example— both receive emphasis.
For example, if a heading provides a generalization that serves to integrate ideas in the following text, then the presence of the heading may greatly facilitate text processing. Journal of Technical Writing and Communication 19 3: What should the visual properties of the headings be? These variations in headings lend themselves to different cognitive functions and can therefore be expected to influence text processing, as we will see in the next section of the text. From this perspective, psychological researchers appear to have taken a simplistic view of titles and headings, ignoring their capacity to fulfil and possibly combine several functions.
Contemporary Educational Psychology 14 2: Assuming that the heading is, in fact, an accurate statement of the main point of the section, the reader is relieved of the ambiguity and work of identifying or expositof this conclusion. Contemporary Educational Psychology 26 2: The empirical literature should therefore be critically revisited, as it may overgeneralize findings which apply only to certain types of headings.
A comparison of a text with vs. The variation in the length of the text section corresponds to a difference in the scope of the heading. If principles of heading construction and placement can be identified that consistently improve learning from textbooks then authors can write more effectively to the benefit of student learning.
Based on this approach to understanding the purposes of signaling devices, SARA proposes that signals may be analyzed along four dimensions:.
Headings that demarcate and label text sections simply by numbering them can be expected to have very different effects on text processing than headings that demarcate, label and identify the topics of text sections. Journal of Educational Psychology 75 2: Thus, TAM provides a foundation for both a definition of signals and an analysis of their key properties.
Reading Research Quarterly 22 3: However, this null result is not surprising because headings conventionally communicate information about text organization and recognition memory tests are often insensitive to organizational factors. A Theory of Language and Information: Advance Organizers that Compensate for the Organization of Text.
The function of the headings is to foreground specific content that is also available in the text.